Fascism

Love Your Servitude – Aldous Huxley & George Orwell

Aldous Huxley (26 July 1894 – 22 November 1963) was an English writer and philosopher. He wrote nearly fifty books both novels and non-fiction works—as well as wide-ranging essays, narratives, and poems. In his most famous novel Brave New World (1932) and his final novel Island (1962), he presented his vision of dystopia and utopia, respectively. George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. His work is characterised by lucid prose, biting social criticism, opposition to totalitarianism and mass surveillance. As a writer, Orwell produced literary criticism and poetry, fiction and polemical journalism; and is best known for the allegorical novella Animal Farm (1945) and the dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). The profound animation from 12:30 to 15:45 of this video is from “IN-SHADOW – A Modern Odyssey – Animated Short Film” by Lubomir Arsov The full Aldous Huxley audio us from his lecture at UC Berkeley in 1962. Please consider supporting After Skool on Patreon https://www.patreon.com/AfterSkool If you want to get in touch, feel free to send an email of visit https://www.afterskool.net Prints of the artwork available at https://teespring.com/stores/after-skool After Skool kid’s book https://www.amazon.com/Dont-Country-F… And please subscribe and hit the notifications bell to see future animations! Thank you! Special thank you to Michael and Joey on Patreon. Thank you for the support!

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today we are faced i think with the approach of  what may be called the ultimate revolution the  
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final revolution where a man can act directly on  the mind body of his fellows well needless to say  
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some kind of direct action on human mind bodies  has been going on since the beginning of time  
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but this has generally been of a violent nature  the techniques of terrorism have been known from  
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time immemorial and people have employed them  with more or less ingenuity sometimes with the  
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utmost crudity sometimes with a good deal of skill  inquire acquired by a process of trial and error  
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finding out what the best ways of using torch  imprisonment constraints of various kinds but as  
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i think it was a metanic said many years ago you  can do everything with bayonets except sit on them  
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that if you are going to control any population  for any length of time you must have some measure  
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of consent it’s exceedingly difficult to see  how pure terrorism can function indefinitely  
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it can function for a fairly long time but  i think sooner or later you have to bring in  
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an element of persuasion an element of getting  people to consent to what is happening to them  
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well it seems to me that the the nature of the  ultimate revolution with which we are now faced  
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is precisely this that we are in process of  developing a whole series of techniques which  
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will enable the controlling oligarchy who have  always existed and presumably always will exist  
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uh to get people actually to love their servitude  this is the seems to me the the ultimate  
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in malevolent revolution should we say and  that there seems to be a general movement  
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in the direction of this kind of ultimate  revolution this this method of control  
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by which people can be made to enjoy  a state of affairs which by any  
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decent standard they ought not to enjoy  this i mean the enjoyment of of servitude  
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and first let me talk about a little bit about the  improvement even in the techniques of terrorism  
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uh i think that there have been improvements  pavlov after all made some extremely profound  
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observations both on animals and on human beings  and he found among other things that conditioning  
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techniques applied to animals or humans in a  state either psychological or physical stress  
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senkins how to say very deeply into the mind body  of the creature and where extremely difficult  
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to get rid of that they seem to be embedded  more deeply than other forms of conditioning  
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in this context i would like to mention the  extremely interesting chapters in dr william  
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sargent’s battle for the mind where he points out  how intuitively some of the great uh religious  
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uh teachers leaders of the past a hit on the  pavlovian method he he speaks specifically  
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of wesley’s method of producing conversions  which were essentially based upon a technique  
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of heightening psychological stress to the limit  by talking about hellfire and so making people  
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extremely vulnerable to suggestion and then  suddenly releasing this stress by offering the  
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hopes of heaven and this is a very interesting  chapter of showing how uh how completely on  
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purely intuitive and empirical grounds a a skilled  natural psychologist as wesley was could discover  
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these pavlovian methods well as i say we now  know the reason why these techniques worked and  
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there is no doubt at all that we can if we want  to uh carry them much further than was possible  
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in the past and of course in the history of  recent history of brainwashing both as applied to  
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prisoners of war and to the lower personnel within  the communist party in china we see that the  
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pavlovian methods have been applied systematically  and with with evidently with extraordinary  
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efficacy i mean i think there can be no doubt that  by the application of these methods a very large  
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army of totally devoted people has been created  the the conditioning has been driven in so to say
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by kind of psychological ionophoresis into the  very depths of the people’s being and has got  
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so deep that it’s very difficult for it ever to be  rooted out and these methods i i think are a real  
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refinement on the older methods of terror because  they combine methods of terror with methods  
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of acceptance method that the person who he  subjected to a form of terroristic stress  
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but for the purpose of inducing a kind of  involuntary quotes acceptance of the state and  
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the psychological state into which he  has been driven and the state of affairs  
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within which he finds himself so that as  i say there has been i think a definite  
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improvement shall we say uh in the even in the  techniques of of terrorism well then we come to um  
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consideration of other techniques  of non-terroristic techniques for  
06:41
uh inducing consent and for inducing people to  love their servitude first of all there are the  
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methods connected with uh straight suggestion and  and hypnosis i think we know much more about this  
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subject and was was known in the past people of  course have always known about suggestion and  
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although they didn’t know the word hypnosis  they certainly practiced it but we now i think  
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know pretty clearly the sort of statistical  structure of a population in regard to its uh  
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to its suggestibility uh it’s very interesting  when you look at the the findings in different  
07:25
fields i mean in the field of hypnosis in the  field of administering placebos for example  
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in the field of general suggestion in states of  drowsiness or of light sleep you will find the  
07:40
same sorts of orders of magnitude continually  cropping up you will find for example that the  
07:47
experienced hypnotists will tell  one that the number of people the  
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percentage of people who can be hypnotized  with the utmost facility just like that  
07:59
is about 20 20 percent that about uh corresponding  number at the other end of the scale are very very  
08:06
difficult or almost impossible to hypnotize and  that in between there lies a large mass of people  
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who can with more or less difficulty be hypnotized  that that they can gradually be if you work hard  
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enough at it be we got into the hypnotic state  and in the same way when the same sort of figures  
08:28
crop up again for example in relation to the  administration of placebos a big experiment was  
08:34
carried out three or four years ago in the general  hospital in boston on post-operative cases where  
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several hundred men and women suffering comparable  kinds of pain after serious operations were given  
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injections whenever they asked for them  whenever the pain got bad and the injections  
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fifty percent of the time were of morph and  fifty percent of the time were distilled water  
09:00
and about twenty percent of those uh who went  through the experiment about twenty percent of  
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them got just as much relief from the distilled  waters from the morphia about 20 percent got no  
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relief from the distilled water and in between  were those who got some relief or got relief  
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occasionally so here again we see the same  sort of of distribution and i suspect also  
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that it would not be at all difficult to recognize  in very early childhood who were the those who  
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were extremely suggestible who were those who  extremely unsuggestible and who were those who  
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occupied the intermediate space quite clearly if  everybody were extremely unsuggestible organized  
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society would be quite impossible and if everybody  were extremely suggestible then dictatorship would  
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be absolutely inevitable i mean it’s very  fortunate we have people who are moderately  
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suggestible in the majority and who therefore  preserve us from dictatorship but to permit to  
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organize society to to be formed but once given  the fact that there are these 20 of highly  
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suggestible people it becomes quite clear that  this is a matter of enormous political importance  
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uh for example any demagogue who is able  to get hold of a large number of these 20  
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of suggestible people and to organize them  is really in a position to overthrow any  
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government in any country and i mean i i think  this uh after all we’ve had the most incredible  
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example in recent years of what can  be done by efficient methods of of  
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suggestion and persuasion in the form of hitler  anybody who’s read for example bullock’s life of  
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hitler comes forth from this with a sort of  horrified admiration for this infernal genius  
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who who really understood human weaknesses i think  almost better than anybody and who exploited them  
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with all the resources then available i mean  he knew everything i mean for example he knew  
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intuitively this pavlovian truth that conditioning  installed in a state of stress or fatigue  
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goes much deeper than conditioning installed at  other times this was why all his big speeches  
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were organized at night he suspects because  of this quite frankly of course in my country  
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says this was done solely because people  are tired at night and therefore much less  
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capable of resisting persuasion than they would be  during the day and we see in all his techniques he  
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he was using he had discovered intuitively and  by trial and error a great many of the of the  
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weaknesses which we now know about on a sort of  scientific way i think much more clearly than  
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he does than he did but the fact remains  that this differential suggests ability uh  
12:16
this susceptibility to hypnosis i do think has  is something which has to be considered very  
12:25
uh carefully in relation to any kind of thought  about democratic government i mean if there are 20  
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of the people who can really be suggested into  believing almost anything as evidently they can be  
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then we have to take extremely careful steps  to prevent the rise of demagogues who will  
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drive them on into extreme positions and  then organize them into very very dangerous  
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armies private armies which may overthrow  the overthrow the government well  
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this as i say is in this field of pure persuasion  i think we uh we do know much more than we did in  
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the past and obviously we now have uh mechanisms  for multiplying the demagogue’s voice and image in  
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a quite hallucinatory way i mean the television  and the radio hitler was making enormous use of  
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the radio he could speak to millions of people  simultaneously i mean this this alone of course is  
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creates an enormous gulf between the modern  and the ancient demagogue the ancient demagogue  
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could only uh appeal to as many people as  his voice could reach by the yelling at the  
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at his utmost but the modern demagogue  can touch literally millions at a time and  
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and of course with his the multiplication  of his image he can produce this kind of  
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hallucinatory effect which uh is of enormous
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hypnotic and suggest suggestive importance  in these techniques which where the object  
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of application is the human being you’re  obviously up against the most dangerous situation  
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and what will be the temptation for those in  power i mean after all we pray regularly not  
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to be led into temptation and this is a very  profound and important prayer i mean experience  
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sadly shows that if we are tempted long enough  and strongly enough we almost invariably succumb  
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and that the the whole process of setting up  a decent society is essentially setting up  
15:00
a society in which temptations to abuse  power and shall be reduced to a minimum  
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but these new techniques i i think do  constitute a series of very powerful temptations  
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which to those in authority maybe finally  turn out to be irresistible i hope not but  
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i think what you say is is something which we  have to think about i mean that this might be  
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applied with justification as you  say in the highest patriotic and  
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moral terms even in democratic societies  i trust not but but one never knows
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in our world there will be no emotions  except fear rage triumph and self-abasement  
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the sex instinct will be eradicated we shall  abolish the orgasm there will be no loyalty  
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except loyalty to the party but always there  will be the intoxication of power always at  
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every moment there will be the thrill of victory  the sensation of trampling on an enemy who is  
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helpless if you want a picture of the future  imagine a boot stamping on a human face forever  
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the moral to be drawn from this dangerous  nightmare situation is a simple one
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don’t let it happen it depends on you
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oh
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you
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

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