Haj Amin Al-Husseini was given the rank of Gruppenführer in the SS and helped to raise 30,000 troops to fight for the Nazis. In the aftermath of the war, many knew of this war criminal and expected his prosecution for war crimes. Yugoslavia demanded his prosecution. The U.S. Department of state, however, obstructed this effort by withholding evidence seized from Nazi files implicating him in the Holocaust. Like so many Nazi war criminals, he was never brought to justice. Instead, he was permitted to escape custody in France, and flee to the Middle East where he continued his campaign to bring about the annihilation of the Jews, with the help of German Nazi war criminals who received sanctuary and employment there.